In this article:

May 8, 2024

It is not uncommon for spreadsheet users to find themselves in a situation where they need to subtract dates in Google Sheets. Thankfully Google Sheets has multiple methods available to subtract or find the time difference between two dates. In this article we will cover all of them.

Click here to follow the examples below with our sample data

**=final_date - initial_date**

Where** initial_date **and **final_date **use one of the following formats:

- In YYYY/MM/DD format enclosed in double quotes
- References to the cells storing initial and final dates, respectively

The initial date is at column A while the final date is at column B.

Format 1: April 8, 2022 should be written as “2022/04/08” and June 1, 2022 as “2022/06/01”:

**="2022/06/01"-"2022/04/08"**

Format 2: For Row 2, the initial date is at A2 while the final date is at B2. The formula becomes:

**=B2-A2**

**=DAYS(final_date,initial_date)**

Where** initial_date **and **final_date **use one of the following formats:

- In YYYY/MM/DD format enclosed in double quotes
- References to the cells storing initial and final dates, respectively

The initial dates are at column A while the final dates are at column B.

Format 1: April 8, 2022 should be written as “2022/04/08” and June 1, 2022 as “2022/06/01”:

**=DAYS("2022/06/01","2022/04/08")**

Format 2: For Row 2, the initial date is at A2 while the final date is at B2. The formula becomes:

**=DAYS(B2,A2)**

The DATEDIF function does the same thing as the Days function but detects whether you have incorrectly set the order of initial and final dates.

**=DATEDIF(initial_date,final_date,”D”)**

Where** initial_date **and **final_date **use one of the following formats:

- In YYYY/MM/DD format enclosed in double quotes
- References to the cells storing initial and final dates, respectively

The “D” option in the function ensures that the output is counted in days. You can change it to other options; “M” sets the output in terms of months.

The initial dates are at column A while the final dates are at column B.

Format 1: April 8, 2022 should be written as “2022/04/08” and June 1, 2022 as “2022/06/01”:

**=DATEDIF("2022/06/01","2022/04/08",”D”)**

Format 2: For Row 2, the initial date is at A2 while the final date is at B2. The formula becomes:

**=DATEDIF(B2,A2,”D”)**

The function detects when you accidentally switched the initial and final dates in the formula, giving out the #NUM! error.

The DAYS360 function is designed to accommodate financial calculations that define a year as having 360 days.

**=DAYS360(initial_date,final_date)**

Where** initial_date **and **final_date **use one of the following formats:

- In YYYY/MM/DD format enclosed in double quotes
- References to the cells storing initial and final dates, respectively

The initial dates are at column A while the final dates are at column B.

Format 1: April 8, 2022 should be written as “2022/04/08” and June 1, 2022 as “2022/06/01”:

**=DAYS360("2022/06/01","2022/04/08",”D”)**

Format 2: For Row 2, the initial date is at A2 while the final date is at B2. The formula becomes:

**=DAYS360(B2,A2)**

This function counts only the workdays between two dates, essential for estimating the number of days for business transactions.

**=NETWORKDAYSinitial_date,final_date,holidays)**

Where** initial_date **and **final_date **use one of the following formats:

- In YYYY/MM/DD format enclosed in double quotes
- References to the cells storing initial and final dates, respectively

Besides weekends, the function can also deduct holidays as long as you specify it in the **holidays. **The list can be either stored in a range or added to the formula by wrapping it in DATEVALUE function. For this article, we will store the list in another range.

The initial dates are at column A while the final dates are at column B.

Format 1: April 8, 2022 should be written as “2022/04/08” and June 1, 2022 as “2022/06/01”:

**=NETWORKDAYS("2022/06/01","2022/04/08")**

The list of holidays is stored in E2:E5:

**=NETWORKDAYS("2022/06/01","2022/04/08",E2:E5)**

Format 2: For Row 2, the initial date is at A2 while the final date is at B2. The formula becomes:

**=NETWORKDAYS(B2,A2)**

The list of holidays is stored in E2:E5:

**=NETWORKDAYS(B2,A2,E2:E5)**

If you enjoyed this article, you might also like our article on how to subtract time in Google Sheets or our article on how to change column width in Google Sheets.

If you want to learn how to set up data validation for email addresses in Google Sheets, we also suggest checking out our detailed guide.

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