In this article:

Square Root in Google Sheets (Easiest Way to Use It in 2024)

May 8, 2024

Square Root in Google Sheets 

In Google Sheets, the square root of a number is calculated using the SQRT function. This function computes the square root of a specified positive number. 

The basic syntax of the SQRT function is:


Here, number is the value or the cell reference for which you want to find the square root. 

It's important to note that the SQRT function will return an error if the number is negative, as square roots of negative numbers are not defined within the realm of real numbers.

How to Calculate Square Root in Google Sheets

Follow the steps below to calculate a square root in Google Sheets. 

1. Click on a Cell and Type '=' to Initiate a Formula

Click on cell B2 next to the number for which you want to calculate the square root. Type = to start the formula.

square root in google sheets

2. Apply the Square Root Function to the Number in the Reference Cell

After the equals sign, type SQRT(A2). This step involves entering the SQRT function and specifying the cell reference directly. The formula in cell B2 should now be SQRT(A2).

google sheets square root

3. Calculate the Square Roots for the Entire Column

Press Enter to calculate the square root of the number in cell A2. The result will be displayed in B2. Afterwards, drag the fill handle at the bottom right corner of B2 down to apply this formula to the remaining cells in Column B. Automatically adjust for each row.

square root google sheets

4. Verify the Calculated Square Roots Against the Original Numbers

Column B now displays the square roots of the numbers listed in Column A. Check each cell in Column B to ensure the square root has been correctly calculated for its corresponding number in Column A.

how to square root in google sheets

We hope that you now have a better understanding of how to calculate a square root in Google Sheets. If you enjoyed this article, you might also like our article on how to connect Jira to Google Sheets or our article on how to rotate images in Google Sheets.

Get Google Sheets productivity and automation tips delivered straight to your inbox
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
We'll email you 1-3 times a week — and never share your information.
Get your copy of our free Google Sheets automation guide!
  • 27 pages of Google Sheets tips and tricks to save time
  • Covers pivot tables and other advanced topics
  • 100% free

Work less, automate more!

Use Lido to connect your spreadsheets to email, Slack, calendars, and more to automate data transfers and eliminate manual copying and pasting. View all use cases ->