# Circular Dependency Detected in Google Sheets (2024 Fix)

## Circular Dependency Detected in Google Sheets Explained

A circular dependency in Google Sheets occurs when a formula in a cell indirectly or directly refers back to itself, creating a loop. This can cause errors in your calculations and result in the "Circular Dependency Detected" warning.

### Example 1: Direct Circular Dependency

You have a formula in cell A1: =A1+1. This formula is trying to add 1 to the value of A1 itself, creating a loop.

### Example 2: Indirect Circular Dependency

This occurs when a cell refers to another cell, which eventually refers back to the first cell. For instance, if A1 contains =B1, and B1 contains =A1, it's an indirect circular dependency.

## How to Fix Circular Dependency Detected in Google Sheets

### Correct the Formulas

The simplest way to resolve a circular dependency is to correct the formulas. Ensure that no formula refers back to its own cell or creates a loop through other cells.

Example:

1. Cell A1 contains =A1+1.

Modify the formula so that it doesn't refer to A1. For instance, change it to =B1+1, where B1 is a different cell that doesn't create a dependency loop.

2. A1 contains =B1, and B1 contains =A1.

Break the loop by changing one of the formulas. For example, change B1 to =C1, assuming C1 doesn't create another circular dependency.

### Use Helper Cells

Sometimes, breaking a circular dependency requires restructuring your worksheet. You can introduce "helper cells" to hold intermediate values.

Example:

You want to calculate a running total in A1, but =A1+B1 creates a circular dependency.

Use a helper cell (C1) to store the previous total. Set A1 to =C1+B1, and update C1 with the new total each time you change B1.

### Check for Complex Dependencies

In larger spreadsheets, circular dependencies might not be obvious. Carefully review your formulas, especially where cells are heavily interconnected.

### Avoid Volatile Formulas

Certain functions like INDIRECT, OFFSET, and RAND can often lead to circular dependencies if not used carefully. Ensure these functions aren't inadvertently creating loops.

If your use case specifically requires circular references (like for certain types of financial modeling), Google Sheets allows you to enable iterative calculations.

Go to "File" > "Settings."

Click on the "Calculation" tab.

Check "Iterative calculation" and set the maximum number of iterations and the convergence threshold.

We hope that this article has helped you and given you a better understanding of circular dependency detected in Google Sheets. If you enjoyed this article, you might also like our articles on how to make a heat map in Google Sheets and how to swap two cells in Google Sheets.

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Trigger
Action
Select trigger
When a cell value in Google Sheets changes
Check Google Sheets for today's date
Send me a daily reminder
On new Typeform submission
When a cell value in database changes
Check database for today's date
When a new row is added in database
When a new HubSpot customer is created
Select action
Creates a one- or multiple-day calendar event with optional attendees
Create a Slack channel, and optionally add a topic or members
CALLURL
Makes any HTTP request
Replaces [@column_name] values in a Google Doc with the corresponding table row's values
CREATEPDF
Replaces [@column_name] values in a Google Doc with the corresponding table row's values, then export it as a PDF
FETCH
Makes any HTTP request and returns the response
INSERTROWS
Inserts given array below defined values in given worksheet
SENDGMAIL
SENDOUTLOOK
Sends an email using your Microsoft Outlook account
SENDSLACK
Sends a Slack message
SENDSMS
Sends an SMS message using your Twilio account
UPDATECELL
UPDATEHUBSPOT
Updates a property of a Hubspot object
Trigger is required
Action is required