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What Type of Database is Firebase? (2024 Update)

Firebase offers two distinct types of databases: Firebase Realtime Database and Cloud Firestore.

what type of database is firebase

Firebase Realtime Database: A NoSQL JSON Database

Firebase Realtime Database is a NoSQL database designed for real-time data synchronization and efficient scaling. Some of its key features include:

Real-time updates: Data is updated in real-time, allowing multiple users to collaborate on the same dataset with minimal latency.

Flexible schema: The JSON tree-based structure supports a flexible schema, enabling developers to adapt their data models with ease.

Offline support: Firebase Realtime Database offers offline support by syncing data changes once the application regains connectivity.

Data security: Developers can enforce data access and validation rules through Firebase's security rules.

what type of database is google's firebase database?

Cloud Firestore: A Scalable NoSQL Document Database

Cloud Firestore is another NoSQL database offering from Firebase, focusing on scalability, expressive querying, and advanced data modeling. Its main features include:

Scalable: Cloud Firestore is designed to scale automatically, making it a suitable choice for large applications with millions of users.

Expressive querying: The database supports powerful querying capabilities, allowing developers to filter, sort, and search data easily.

Advanced data modeling: Cloud Firestore organizes data in collections and documents, which enables developers to create complex and hierarchical data structures.

Real-time updates: Similar to Firebase Realtime Database, Cloud Firestore also supports real-time data updates.

Offline support: Cloud Firestore provides robust offline support for web and mobile applications.


Firebase offers two types of databases: Firebase Realtime Database and Cloud Firestore, both are NoSQL databases serving different use cases and requirements. 

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